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Manual The Ethical Project

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As many as two billion people worldwide are affected by either obesity or chronic undernutrition. This arises from urbanization, demographic shifts, and changing dietary and lifestyle patterns. Increasing rates of obesity have become a public health crisis and require an urgent response.

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Increasing rates of obesity increase demands on both food and public health systems. Well-crafted responses from local farmers, international health workers, the global food industry, and governments are badly needed, but some possible responses raise challenging ethical issues. Many countries still face a significant burden of chronic undernutrition of young children, adolescent girls, and women, which require social justice action. We focus on food-based solutions, as well as global research and policy that place nutrition within a wider framework for development focused on equity.

Healthy, Sustainable Diets and Food Systems. Ethics is at the heart of the debate about feeding the world well and sustainably. At its core, this debate engages a range of compelling ethical values.


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These values are vast in scope and include:. The complexity of these issues underscores the need to pay careful, scholarly attention to the ethics both of the current state of the global food system and of any proposals to improve it. To illuminate the full ethical landscape of food issues, we must upon ethical theory, political and social philosophy, justice theory, and philosophy of science. Beef, Food Choices, and Values. Choose Food.

Global Food Ethics Project. Springmann, M.

Creating ethical cultures in business: Brooke Deterline at TEDxPresidio

Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits. Nature , p. Fanzo, J. Morain, S.


  • Philip Kitcher, The Ethical Project - PhilPapers.
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  • Civita, N. Walker, A. Fox, E. Current Developments in Nutrition. Featured Projects. Shared-Reality Development in Childhood. Edward Tory Higgins. Pragmatic naturalism and moral objectivity Ryan Campbell , V. Ajith Kumar. Experimental philosophy and the fruitfulness of normative concepts Matthew Lindauer.

    The Ethical Project by Philip Kitcher

    Human altruism, evolution and moral philosophy William J FitzPatrick. Public Attitudes Towards Moral Enhancement. Or perhaps moral norms emerged as a byproduct of other mental mechanisms in place of other adaptive reasons Stich The point is that reconstructing the actual natural history of humanity is a quite difficult affair, and that it seems that large parts of Kitcher's discussion are hostage to the truth of a particular empirical thesis about it.

    Of course, it remains possible that, even if this isn't the original function of our ethical project, we should make our practices more responsive to altruism failures or that ameliorating such failures is essential to many things we value.

    The Challenge

    But merely saying this would be to trade "pragmatic naturalism" for a simple pragmatism -- one that agrees with Kitcher that morality is an invention, but has it that it is a much more recent invention than he suggests. Turn to the idea of the "ethical project itself. When we put together this underdetermination of satisfiers of the original function with our uncertainty about the original function itself, we begin to get the suggestion of something quite different from an ethical project.

    For it seems possible and perhaps even actual that neither the original function nor the regimes of normative guidance we employ to address altruism failures are in any way distinctively ethical or moral. An alternative picture emerges of a "normative project," one that asks what norms we ought to live by, given all the things we have been doing and all that we want and here again, there will be better and worse ways of getting these things.

    This picture fits nicely with Kitcher's own critique of the idea of a "distinctively ethical point of view" pp.

    But given the meta-ethical and normative implications Kitcher wants to draw, it doesn't seem to be his picture. But it is unclear whether he has grounds to resist it. There is much more to be said about this rich book, and many nuances in Kitcher's discussion that deserve fuller consideration than I can give them here. Though some difficult questions remain, this book is philosophy of science at its most philosophically ambitious, using a broadly scientific worldview to engage big questions as to how we can make sense of moral reality and moral progress against the broad background of things we know about human natural history and human nature.

    Working through it offers readers an impressive account that is in its aspirations at least a refreshing alternative to the recent, seemingly unrelenting linkage of naturalism with varieties of moral skepticism. I look forward to rereading it, and to thinking and talking about it, for some years to come.

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    Chudek, M. Henrich, N. Why Humans Cooperate. New York: Oxford University Press.

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    Kelly, D. Kitcher, P. Lieberman, D. An empirical test of the factors governing moral sentiments regarding incest. London B, , Machery, E.